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The formal, approved definition of the REFEDS Research and Scholarship (R&S) Entity Category is published on the REFEDS website. (Note that the URI value of the REFEDS entity attribute resolves to the previously linked web pageR&S specification.)

What type of resources do you consider "research and scholarship"?

The category definition says that: candidates  

"Candidates for the Research and Scholarship (R&S) Category are Service Providers that


are operated for the purpose of supporting research and scholarship interaction, collaboration or management


, at least in part."

"Example Service Providers may include (but are not limited to) collaborative tools and services such as wikis, blogs, project and grant management tools that require some personal information about users to work effectively. This Entity Category should not be used for access to licensed content such as e-journals."

Broadly this means that R&S is intended for platforms and services used by researchers where some sort of collaboration, discussion or interaction is required - , making the release of personally identifiable information necessary for the service to work properly.  Think about issues like:

  • Is it necessary for a name to be displayed in order for work to be attributed to the user or to show them as the contributor?
  • Is it necessary for a service to have a user's email address for correspondence - such as updates about a grant application? (optional services such as alerting systems that are not part of the core offering would not be considered a good reason for R&S membership).